What is period flu? Symptoms, Causes and Treatment – Forbes Health

Simple lifestyle factors can help manage period flu symptoms. According to research, these factors include:

Eat a balanced diet

Preliminary research suggests that a diet rich in vegetables, legumes, whole grains, seafood, fruits, nuts and seeds, such as B. the Mediterranean diet, may help treat symptoms of menstrual flu, although additional studies are needed. You may also consider incorporating calcium-rich foods like milk and yogurt, a study in the study shows Taiwan Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology suggests that taking 1,000 milligrams of calcium per day reduces certain symptoms, including fatigue, appetite changes and depression, in people with PMS.

Reducing caffeine and alcohol consumption

Too much caffeine can increase the feeling of excitement and restlessness that many people with period flu symptoms feel, says Dr. Nevin.

Drinking alcohol can cause fluctuations in sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone) and gonadotropins (hormones helpful for growth, sexual development, and reproduction) during your menstrual cycle, which can increase your risk of PMS and the flu, according to a study published in British Medical Journal.

Limiting salt intake

Salt is the primary source of sodium in a person’s diet and is found in large amounts in processed foods such as ready meals, instant noodles, food additives, breads, processed meats, and more. dr Nevin recommends limiting sodium intake to reduce water retention and bloating before your period.

Stay hydrated

Drink plenty of water. Staying hydrated reduces the severity of the pain most people experience during their period, according to a 2021 study BMC Women’s Health. The study suggests that drinking between 1600 milliliters and 2000 milliliters of water daily shortens the duration of menstrual bleeding and also reduces the number of analgesics taken during menstruation, suggesting a reduction in pain levels among study participants.

increase in physical activity

“Research shows that exercise can also be very helpful [including] Low-intensity aerobic exercise like walking, light jogging, yoga, or light weight lifting,” says Dr. Nevin. “Exercise could be helpful as it reduces (flu) symptoms like irritability and insomnia.”

improvement in sleep quality

Practice good sleep hygiene — follow a consistent nightly routine and aim for seven to eight hours of sleep a night. This helps reduce the effects of stress and manage symptoms like fatigue.

Additional treatment options

If lifestyle changes don’t improve the severity of period flu symptoms, the following additional treatments may help, according to research.

  • Over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin, naproxen and ibuprofen and Tylenol can relieve symptoms such as pain. NSAIDs work by blocking the production of prostaglandins, which help relieve menstrual cramps, nausea, and diarrhea.
  • Certain hormonal contraceptives, including combined oral contraceptives (oestrogen and progestin) or implants or injections that contain only progestin stops ovulation, shortens the duration of menstruation (or can stop it entirely), and reduces prostaglandin production — all of which can reduce pain around menstruation, including pain associated with period flu.
  • vitamins such as B1 supplements can relieve symptoms such as muscle aches, fatigue and aches.

Talk to your doctor about which option for treating or preventing period flu is best for you and your health needs.

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