According to the WHO, there are one million cases of sexually transmitted infections every day

Photomicrograph in an acute case of gonococcal urethritis caused by the bacterium “Neisseria gonorrhoeae”. (CDC/Joe Miller | European press)

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are one million cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) worldwide every day, specifically gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis and trichomoniasis.

In addition, the agency warns of outbreaks of new infections that can be acquired through sexual contact, such as monkeypox, ‘Shigella sonnei’, ‘Neisseria meningitidis’, Ebola and Zika, as well as a resurgence of neglected STIs, such as lymphogranuloma venereum, posing increasing challenges in providing prevention and control services for these infections.

And it is that if left untreated, some STIs can have irreversible long-term consequences, such as chronic pelvic pain, cancer, infertility, unwanted pregnancy, and congenital complications, some of which can be life-threatening.

For this reason, in May 2022, the 75th World Health Assembly agreed to implement new strategies for the global health sector to reduce new cases of syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis; reduction in new cases of congenital syphilis; increasing the percentage of girls vaccinated against human papillomavirus (HPV) at age 15; increase the percentage of screening for syphilis in the priority population and in pregnant women and for gonorrhea in the priority population; increasing the proportion of women screened for cervical cancer; and an increase in the number of countries reporting antimicrobial resistance to gonorrhea.

It also stressed the need to create an environment that encourages people to talk about STIs, engage in safe sex practices and seek treatment; expanding integration of primary prevention and sexually transmitted infections services; improved access to person-centric services; closing the funding gap; facilitating point-of-care diagnostics and introducing new technologies; And invest in research.

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